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CLASSICS 2LC3 Hist of Rome to Dict of Caesa (C01)

Academic Year: Fall 2018

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Dr. Patricia White


Office: Togo Salmon Hall 702

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 24372

Office Hours: Mondays, 10:30-11:30 a.m.

Course Objectives:

This course focuses on the history of Rome, beginning with pre-Roman Italy and ending with the assassination of Caesar. We will examine the political, social, economic, and military developments that occurred during these centuries, particularly in light of the literary and archaeological evidence. This evidence is crucial for the modern scholar’s understanding of ancient Roman society and culture. Lectures are integral not only to the student’s understanding of the historical events and narrative of the time period to be covered, but also to the student’s understanding of the problems facing scholars of Roman Republican history. The study of history involves much more than just the memorization of dates and events.

Regular class attendance is necessary to do well in this course. Important terms, concepts, and events will be explained and discussed in lecture. Content discussed in the readings will also be examined in lecture; since there are no tutorials for this class, the only time at which the readings will be examined is during lecture. In addition, PowerPoint slides of lecture content will not be posted online.

Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

The following texts are required for this course, and can be purchased at Titles Bookstore:

  • A.M. Ward et al. A History of the Roman People (6th edition; Pearson Education, 2013);
  • M. Dillon and L. Garland (eds.). Ancient Rome: Social and Historical Documents from the Early Republic to the Death of Augustus (2nd edition; Routledge, 2015).

A schedule of readings is provided below; readings are to be completed in preparation for lecture. For Dillon and Garland (eds.), assigned readings refer to item numbers (with page numbers in brackets).

Method of Assessment:

The following is a breakdown of the final grade for the course:

Midterm Test




Final Exam


Policy on Missed Work, Extensions, and Late Penalties:

It is the student’s responsibility to contact the instructor prior to any scheduled test in order to figure out alternate accommodations. A missed test or essay will receive a mark of zero unless the student has a legitimate excuse and can provide the instructor with the necessary documentation.

A late submission of an essay for grading will receive a late penalty of a third of a letter grade per day (e.g., an assignment handed in one day late that originally had a mark of A- would received a mark of B+).

Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Dishonesty

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  2. Improper collaboration in group work.
  3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work. Please note these regulations have changed beginning Fall 2015. You can find information at If you have any questions about the MSAF, please contact your Associate Dean's office.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. Academic accommodations must be arranged for each term of study. Student Accessibility Services can be contacted by phone 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail For further information, consult McMaster University's Policy for Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities.

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religion and spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the Course Calendar or by their respective Faculty. In most cases, the student should contact his or her professor or academic advisor as soon as possible to arrange accommodations for classes, assignments, tests and examinations that might be affected by a religious holiday or spiritual observance.

Topics and Readings:




Lecture Topic

Ward et al.

Dillon and Garland

Important Dates


Sept. 4






Sept. 5

Pre-Roman and Non-Roman Italy

Chapter 1 (pp. 1-10)

1.1-1.7 (p. 4-8)



Sept. 7

Pre-Roman and Non-Roman Italy (cont’d.)

Chapter 2 (pp. 11-27), pp. 28-35




Sept. 11

The Monarchical Period

pp. 35-39

3.1-8 (p. 104-108)



Sept. 12

The Foundations of Roman Social, Political, Religious Life

Chapter 4 (pp. 40-55)

1.9 (p. 9), 2.25-31 (p. 62-65), 2.46 (p. 77), 2.48-49 (p. 78-79), 2.54-57 (p. 81-83), 7.1-2 (p. 300-302), 7.14-15 (p. 309-310), 3.19-21 (p. 114-117), 3.25-29 (p. 119-120), 3.32-33 (p. 122-124)



Sept. 14

No class





Sept. 18

The Expulsion of the Kings and the Formation of the Republic

pp. 56-59

1.10-13 (p. 9-11)



Sept. 19

Conflict of the Orders

pp. 59-74

1.25-31 (p. 17-22), 1.44-58 (p. 26-34), 3.37-52 (p. 125-134)



Sept. 21

Conflict of the Orders (cont’d.) and the Changing Roman Constitution

re-read 59-61

1.59 (p. 35-37), 1.18 (p. 13-14), 1.14-15 (p. 11-12), 1.19-24 (p. 14-17)



Sept. 25

The Roman Conquest of Italy

Chapter 6 (pp. 75-89)

1.61-72 (p. 37-44), 1.74 (p. 45), 4.3 (p. 161-162)



Sept. 26

The First Punic War

Chapter 7 (pp. 90-101)

4.5-17 (p. 162-172)



Sept. 28

The Second Punic War

Chapter 8 (pp. 102-111)

p. 171-172, 4.21-24 (p. 174-177), 4.27 (p. 178-179), p. 181-182, 4.32 (p. 182), 4.35 (p. 183-185), 4.51-54 (p. 195-198), 4.58-60 (p. 199-200)



Oct. 2

Roman Expansion in the Second Century BCE

Chapter 9 (pp. 112-128)

5.23-24 (p. 221-223), 5.28-34 (p.224-230), 5.36-41 (p. 231-236), 5.45-53 (p. 237-243), 4.61-64 (p. 200-204)



Oct. 3

Roman Life and Culture, 264-133 BCE

Chapters 10 and 11 (pp. 129-153)

5.54-55 (p. 243-245), 5.57-58 (p. 245-247), 5.60 (p. 247-248), 5.63-66 (p. 249-251)



Oct. 4




Midterm (30%)


Oct. 8-12

Mid-term recess: no classes


Oct. 16

The Topography of Rome, from the Early to Middle Republic

re-read pp. 143-144

2.1-6 (p. 50-52)



Oct. 17

Pre-Gracchan Politics


pp. 357-359



Oct. 19

Tiberius Gracchus

pp. 154-160

8.1-3 (p. 359-360), 8.5-15 (p. 361-371)



Oct. 23

Gaius Gracchus and Post-Gracchan Rome

pp. 160-167

8.22-34 (p. 374-384)



Oct. 24

Populares and Optimates

re-read pp. 164-167

8.38 (p. 387)



Oct. 26

The Rise of Marius

pp. 167-174

p. 389-392, 9.5 (p. 394-395), 9.8 (p. 397), 9.11-13 (p. 399-401), 9.24-34 (p. 406-414)



Oct. 30

The Roman Army


re-read 8.5-6 (p. 361-363), 9.21-23 (p. 404-406)



Oct. 31

The Social War

pp. 174-175

p. 416-418, p. 419-420, 10.4-14 (p. 420-426), 10.18-19 (p. 427-428), p. 429



Nov. 2

Civil War and Sulla

Chapter 14 (pp. 176-183)

11.2 (p. 441), 11.5-21 (p. 443-453), 11.26-28 (p. 455-456), 11.40 (p. 465)



Nov. 6

Civil War and Sulla (cont’d.)

finish previous readings

finish previous readings



Nov. 7

Caesar’s Entrance

pp. 194-199

12.39 (p. 500), 1.60 (p. 37), 12.20-21 (p. 487), 3.22 (p. 117)



Nov. 9

Caesar’s Entrance

pp. 194-199

12.39 (p. 500), 1.60 (p. 37), 12.20-21 (p. 487), 3.22 (p. 117)



Nov. 13

The “First” Triumvirate

pp. 200-205

12.41-50 (p. 501-508), 12.54-56 (p. 510-512), 12.61-62 (p. 515-516), 12.63 (p. 517)



Nov. 14

The Conference at Luca; Caesar in Gaul

pp. 205-206

12.69-74 (p. 521-526)



Nov. 16

It’s always Caesar, Caesar, Caesar! The Activities of Pompey and Crassus; Civil War

pp. 206-210

12.75-77 (p. 526-527), 12.79-84 (p. 529-531), 13.1-13 (p. 539-547), 13.24-30 (p. 556-561), 13.39 (p. 566)



Nov. 20

Caesar as Dictator

pp. 210-213

13.42 (p. 567), 13.46-48 (p. 569-571), 13.51-55 (p. 572-576)



Nov. 21

Caesar’s Reforms

pp. 213-215

13.56-57 (p. 576-578), 3.31 (p. 122)



Nov. 23

The Ides of March

pp. 215-216

13.66-70 (p. 585-587)

Essay due (in lecture; 30%)


Nov. 27

The Aftermath of Caesar’s Assassination and the Evolution of the Roman State


13.71-74 (p. 588), 14.3-5 (p. 599-600), 14.9 (p. 603-604)



Nov. 28

The Topography of Rome in the Late Republic

pp. 244-245

2.73-74 (p. 94-95), 2.76 (p. 96)



Nov. 30

Roman Life and Culture in the Late Republic, 133-44 BCE

 pp. 231-244 (skip art and architecture section), 245-249

2.77 (p. 97), 6.8-12 (p. 262-264), 6.24-25 (p. 268-270), 6.43 (p. 279-280), 6.56 (p. 289-290), 7.22-25 (p. 313-314), 7.31-33 (p. 317), 7.35-36 (p. 318-319), 7.44 (p. 326), 7.93-94 (p. 355)



Dec. 4






Dec. 5





Exam period: December 7-20, 2018